6 Lessons King David Taught Us About Sin


In II Samuel, Chapter 11, King David has an affair with a married women.  Her name was Bathsheba.  A few weeks after the encounter she realizes that she is pregnant.

What does David do when he gets news of her pregnancy?
He begins by summoning her husband, Uriah, from battle.  At first glance, it appears that he may confess what he has done.  That is not the case.

Here are David’s three encounters with Uriah:

In the first encounter David engages in some small talk with Uriah and then invites him to go back to his home and enjoy his wife.  David makes it appear that he is doing Uriah a favor.  David knows that if Uriah is intimate with his wife it will cover David’s sin.  Uriah was a man of great honor and will not do this since those that he is fighting with are not afforded the same privilege.  David’s first plan does not work.

In the second encounter David has a party for Uriah and gets him drunk.  He surmises that getting him drunk will cause him to sleep with his wife.  David was wrong again.

In the third encounter David realizes that his plan would not work to cover up his own sin.  What does David do? He sends Uriah back to his commander with a message. “Put Uriah on the front lines and pull back from him so that he will be killed.”

His commander does what his King has asked him to do and Uriah is killed in battle.

After a time of grieving, David makes Bathsheba his wife and she gives birth to his son.  David thinks he is free and clear of his offenses.

Is the story over? Not exactly.

God is displeased with the actions of David and confronts him through Nathan the Prophet.  David finally confesses, only after he being confronted with the reality of what he has done.

How is it that the King of Israel who was said to be a “man after God’s own heart” could do such a thing?  We could see that behavior from his predecessor, Saul, but not David.  It is a troubling question.  Here is what we know from David’s actions with Bathsheba.  At some point David drifted away from what God wanted for him.   We don’t know when it happened or what was the beginning cause.  What we see in this passage is the result of the drift.

What are the 6 Lessons King David Taught Us About Sin?

1. Idleness can lead to sin.  David stays back during the time of year that most Kings go out to battle. The day he first sees Bathsheba he had just gotten up from his afternoon nap. II Samuel 11:1-2.  It is interesting that at the point David appears to be idle…TEMPTATION COMES with a vengeance.

2. Temptation is not sin.  Seeing her from the roof was not a sin.  Asking who she was, is also not a sin.  Having an affair with her and killing her husband to cover it up…that’s a sin.  Sin begins with a temptation.

3. The act of sin is always preceded by the thought.  At some point David makes the decision to have an affair with her before ever talking to her or meeting with her. This is why Jesus calls “lusting after a woman” the same as having an affair.  The actual affair was simply the realization of what David had already imagined in his heart.

4. Sin cannot be hidden or covered up.  You can’t get someone else to take the blame for it.  You can’t kill someone to cover it up.  That just makes the severity of it grow.  It must be confessed.  David can confess it now or confess it at the judgement but it will be confessed.

5. Sin has an affect on others.  Uriah lost his life, Bathsheba lost her husband, David lost his credibility and Israel lost their ability to be led by a “man after God’s own heart”.  Sin always affects others directly and indirectly.

6. When we choose sin we change our family tree. One of David’s son will rape his sister and another will kill the son that raped his sister.  This is not the end of it, two more of his sons will try to become king while David is still in power.  This will lead to both of their deaths.  David’s dynasty after the affair and cover up is vastly different from his dynasty before this happens.  Sin will affect your family tree!

Closing thoughts

Whether we move away from God consciously or subconsciously it really does not matter… we still move away.  In doing so we will find ourselves at a place of being vulnerable to an attack by the enemy.  David’s example reminds us that being away from God is a dangerous place to be.  All our actions, both good and bad, will have an affect on everyone.  Choose wisely!

“Above all else, guard your heart, for it is the wellspring of life.”
Proverbs 4:23

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